Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus is quite large, comprising several hundred species that are native to warm temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world.
Pertinently, gumamela flower, leaves, and roots are used as herbal medicine. This is due to the fact that this decorative shrub has numerous medical characteristics which include anti-infectious, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, diuretic, antipyretic, emollient, and refrigerant.
Gumamela or Hibiscus are known for their large, colorful flowers that make a decorative addition to a home or garden. They also have medicinal uses. Flowers and leaves can be made into teas and liquid extracts that are used to treat a variety of conditions.
Though each flower opens for only 24 to 48 hours, new buds bloom continuously through the year, rarely leaving gumamela without showy color. The large flowers have an 8-inch diameter and bloom in a range of colors from bright red to white, pink, peach and yellow. The ovate dark-green leaves have a glossy finish and remain on the shrub year-round to create a foliar backdrop for the striking blossoms. Hummingbirds and butterflies are attracted to the flowers.
Gumamela is used for the treatment of:
• Bronchitis – as an expectorant
• Coughs, sore throat
• Fever – as refrigerant drink
• Treats dysentery
• Urinary tract infection, bladder infections
• High blood pressure
• Prevention of constipation
• Boils, swelling & abscesses, mumps
Application & Use of Gumamela:
• Decoction is used to treat: Bronchitis, coughs, fever, dysentery, urinary and bladder infections, high blood pressure and constipation.
• Poultice is applied externally on the afflicted area. This is used to treat: headaches (on the forehead), boils, swelling, abscesses and mumps.
• Intake of gumamela (alone or mixed with papaya or papaya seeds) specially in large quantities can be an abortifacient.