“MERON PO BINENTA SA AKIN NA CELPHONE GALING SA SNATCHER, NAHULI PO SIYA AT AKO TINURO SA PULIS NA PINAGBENTAHAN NIYA, ANO PO BA KASO KO?”
ANG “FENCING” O ANG PAGBILI, PAGTAGO, PAGBENTA, PAGNENEGOSYO O PAGKAKAROON NG MGA GAMIT O BAGAY NA ALAM NIYA NA GALING SA PAGNANAKAW (THEFT) O PANDARAMBONG (ROBBERY) NA MAY LAYUNIN NA MAKINABANG O MAKAKUHA NG GANANSIYA PARA SA SARILI AY ISANG KRIMEN NA MAY PARUSANG KULONG.
May mga pagkakataon na may lumalapit sa atin at nagbebenta ng mga second-hand na kagamitan tulad ng laptop, cellphone o computer tablet pero may hinala tayo na galing sa nakaw ito. May parusa ba dito ang batas kung mahuli sa hawak mo ang isang nakaw na gamit? Ganito ang question ng isang reader ng E-Lawyers Online:
“Atty.,may kapitbahay po ako na nagbenta sa akin ng laptop na bago at dahil 60% off ang presyo ay pinatulan ko. Kaso po ay nalaman ako after 1 week na siya ay natanggal sa trabaho dahil sa pagnananakaw at under investigation ng pulis kung saan niya dinala mga nakuha niya. Natatakot po ako atty, may kulong po ba ito?
Ang “fencing” o ang pagkilos ng sinumang tao, na may layunin upang makakuha ng para sa kanyang sarili, na bumili, tumanggap, angkinin, panatilihin, makakuha ng, itago, magbenta o magtapon ng, o dapat bumili at magbenta, o sa anumang paraan na pakikitungo sa anumang mga artikulo, item, object o anumang bagay na may halaga na kung saan alam niya na ito ay nagmula ng krimen ng pagnanakaw o pandarambong ay isang krimen na pinaparusahan ng kulong. Ito ay nasa Section 2(a) of Presidential Decree No. 1612:
Fencing is defined in Section 2(a) of P.D. 1612 as the “act of any person who, with intent to gain for himself or for another, shall buy, receive, possess, keep, acquire, conceal, sell or dispose of, or shall buy and sell, or in any manner deal in any article, item, object or anything of value which he knows, or should be known to him, to have been derived from the proceeds of the crime of robbery or theft.”
Ayon sa Supreme Court, the essential elements of the crime of fencing are as follows:
(1) a crime of robbery or theft has been committed;
(2) the accused, who is not a principal or on accomplice in the commission of the crime of robbery or theft, buys, receives, possesses, keeps, acquires, conceals, sells or disposes, or buys and sells, or in any manner deals in any article, item, object or anything of value, which has been derived from the proceeds of the crime of robbery or theft;
(3) the accused knew or should have known that the said article, item, object or anything of value has been derived from the proceeds of the crime of robbery or theft; and
(4) there is, on the part of one accused, intent to gain for oneself or for another. [Capili v. Court of Appeals, 392 Phil. 577, 592 (2000); Tan v. People, 372 Phil. 93, 102-103 (1999) citing Dizon-Pamintuan v. People, G.R. No. 111426, 11 July 1994, 234 SCRA 63, 71-72.]
Nasa Section 3 ng P.D. 1612 ang parusa sa fencing:
Sec. 3. Penalties. Any person guilty of fencing shall be punished as hereunder indicated:
(a) The penalty of prision mayor (6 years – 12 years), if the value of the property involved is more than 12,000 pesos but not exceeding 22,000 pesos; if the value of such property exceeds the latter sum, the penalty provided in this paragraph shall be imposed in its maximum period, adding one year for each additional 10,000 pesos; but the total penalty which may be imposed shall not exceed twenty years. In such cases, the penalty shall be termed reclusion temporal and the accessory penalty pertaining thereto provided in the Revised Penal Code shall also be imposed.
(b) The penalty of prision correccional (6 months to 6 years) in its medium and maximum periods, if the value of the property robbed or stolen is more than 6,000 pesos but not exceeding 12,000 pesos.
(c) The penalty of prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods, if the value of the property involved is more than 200 pesos but not exceeding 6,000 pesos.
(d) The penalty of arresto mayor (1 month to 6 months) in its medium period to prision correccional in its minimum period, if the value of the property involved is over 50 pesos but not exceeding 200 pesos.
(e) The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period if such value is over five (5) pesos but not exceeding 50 pesos.
(f) The penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period if such value does not exceed 5 pesos.
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