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Taking Care A Newborn

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Umbilical Cord

  • The Umbilical cord will dry and turn black. It usually falls off within 7-14 days.
  • Expose the cord to air by folding the diaper down below it. This will help to speed the drying of the cord.  If it needs cleaning wipe with a cotton ball dipped in warm water. If the cord becomes moist or smells bad call your pediatrician or healthcare provider.
  • Do not tub-bathe your baby until after the umbilical cord has fallen off and healed. It should look like an adults belly button.
  • Call your pediatrician or healthcare provider right away of the area becomes swollen, red, hot, tender or it smells bad or drainage comes from the site because this could be a sign of infection.

Care of Genital Area for circumcised Baby Boy

  • After the circumcision, the baby’s penis will have a gauze dressing over it. The gauzed be removed 24 hours after the circumcision.
  • To remove the gauze, do not peel off the dressing. Soak the gauze with warm water, wait 60 secs and remove gently.  If the gauze doesn’t come off easily, repeat the process. Small spot of blood on the diaper is normal. Do not use diaper wipes that contain alcohol because they can still.
  • Your newborn boy may be irritable and may not feed well 2-3 hours after the procedure.
  • During the first 3 days the area will look very red and swollen, this is normal.
  • Keep the area clean and dry. Clean with warm water at each diaper change.
  • Do not rest the baby on his stomach. His penis will be tender for 2 -3 days
  • The area should heal in 7 to 10 days.



  • Remove your baby’s shirt. Wipe his/her arms and abdomen with a wet wash cloth.Be sure to wash the under arms and the elbows. Use only plain water.
  • Dry each part of the body as soon as you have washed it. This will prevent your baby from getting chilled.
  • Wipe genitals, legs, and ankles with a wash cloth.
  • Turn your baby into the stomach and wash his/ her back and buttocks with a wash cloth.
  • Dress your baby in a clean shirt and diaper.
  • Always keep a hand on your baby. He/she can easily slip down and can drown, even in small amount of water.
  • You can use an emery board (nail file) to file your baby’s nails. Do not use a nail clipper. Do not bite the nails off.

Tub Bath

  • You may start giving baths to your baby when the cord has fallen off an the circumcision site has healed. This is usually 1-3 weeks.
  • Fill the tub with 2-3 inches of warm water. The water should feel comfortably warm.
  • Make sure the tub is skid proof or place a towel or sponge pad at the bottom.
  • Slip your hand around and behind your baby’s head, neck, and shoulders and grasp hi/her arm. Place your other hand under his/her buttocks. Then place the baby in the water.
  • Soap and rinse the whole body. Lean your baby forward to rinse the back.
  • While holding the baby with one hand, place a towel around him/her with your other hand and remove from the tub to dry.
  • Dress your baby.


Sponge Bath

  • Sponge bath your baby until his/her umbilical cord falls off and the belly button looks like an adults.
  • Gather all the things your will need before start the bath.
  • Never leave your baby unattended.
  • Use a mild unscented soap or no soap at all. Shampoo your babys hair no more than twice a week. Use a baby shampoo or mild unscented soap. Do not bathe him/her more than once a day.
  • Do not use moisturizer.

Washing Baby’s Face and Head

  • Wash your baby’s face and head before removing the shirt.
  • Moisten a wash cloth with plain water and wipe his/her eyes from the edge of the eye next to the nose out to the ear. Use separate portion of the cloth for the eyes.
  • Moisten the wash cloth with plain water and wipe his/her face, the creases of the neck and behind the ears.
  • Clean the ears, do not insert washcloth into the ear canal. Use separate cloth for the ears.
  • Moisten wash cloth and clean the nose.
  • Position you baby in football hold, supporting the neck and head with your hand and body with your arm. With the other hand, apply small amount of water to the top of his/her head and apply baby shampoo. Massage the entire scallop, creating lather. Wash gently over the fontanel or the soft spot.
  • Rinse, dry, and comb hair with a fine toothed comb.




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